Rizhao

  • Tourism

 

Tourists coming to the city are attracted towards its natural beauty, 100 kilometers of virgin beaches, summer resorts, good transportation facilities, and water sports. Rizhao is now a major tourist resource provider for China with an influx of 14.66 million domestic and foreign tourists in 2008. Sun, sand, beaches, hilly areas and undisturbed natural surroundings have increased the revenue from 18.4% fetching up to 8.17 billion yuan in 2008.

 
  • Sustainability

 

The city is known for its sustainability, and it mandates solar-water heaters in all new buildings. Rizhao city was recognized by the United Nations as one of the most habitable cities in the world in 2009. Sustainable Energy:

The city is renowned for promoting and incorporating use of sustainable energy in all construction projects through solar panels, thereby reducing carbon emissions and pollution. Nearly 99% of households use solar water heaters and traffic lights, street lights and park illuminations are powered by photovoltaic solar cells. The municipal government has made it mandatory to install solar panels in all buildings. The city is covered with half-million square meters of solar water heating panels equaling to 0.5 megawatts of electric water heaters. It consistently has been occupying the top positing in China for its air quality and has been designated as the Environmental Protection Model City by China’s SEPA.

  • Industry

 

Rizhao is a major port city dealing in minerals, but other industry includes steel-making, petrochemicals, machinery, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, food processing, cereal, oil processing, woodwork products.

It is a major producer of cereal, oil, fruits, animal products, wheat, corn, peanut, cotton, tobacco, silk cocoon, tea, fisheries, minerals, steel, and petroleum.

  • Climate

 

Rizhao has a temperate, four-season, monsoon-influenced climate that lies in the transition between the humid subtropical (Köppen Cwa) and humid continental (Köppen Dwa) regimes, but favouring the former. Winter is cool to cold and windy, but generally dry, with a January average of −0.3 °C (31.5 °F). Summer is generally hot and humid, but very hot days are rare, with an August average of 25.7 °C (78.3 °F). Due to its proximity to the coast and being on a peninsula, it experiences a one-month delayed spring compared to much of the province. Conversely, autumn is milder than inland areas in Shandong. The annual mean temperature is 12.95 °C (55.3 °F). On average, there are 2,530 hours of bright sunshine annually and the relative humidity is 70–74 %.

  • History

 

Rizhao is located at the place where the ancient Dawenkou culture and the Longshan culture flourished. Rizhao belonged to the Dongyi people during the Xia and Shang dynasties (2070-1046 BC), and to Ju and Yue states in the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC) and the Warring States period (476-221 BC). It became a part of Langya Commandery in the Qin dynasty (221-206 BC). Rizhao was named Haiqu County  during the Western Han (206 BC-25 AD) and Xihai County under the Eastern Han (25-220 AD).

During the Tang dynasty, together with Ju County, Rizhao belonged to Mi Prefecture of Henan Prefecture. In the second year of the Yuanyou Period of the Song dynasty, Rizhao Township was established, with the name meaning “(the first to get) sunshine”. In the 24th year of the Dading Period of the Jin dynasty, Rizhao County was established. In 1940 it came under control of the Communist Party of China. After being a county and since 1985 a city under administration of Linyi, Rizhao became a prefecture-level city within Shandong province in 1989.

The Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago has done field survey archaeological work in Rizhao over years.

Rizhao  (Chinese: 日照) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Shandong province, China. It is situated on the coastline along the Yellow Sea, and features a major seaport.  It borders Qingdao to the northeast, Weifang to the north, Linyi to the west and southwest, and faces Korea and Japan across the Yellow Sea to the east.  Rizhao has a total area of 5,310 sq km and an urban/metropolitan area of 3422 sq km.  Its Area Code is 0633.

The name Rizhao originated from an old saying ‘It was the first to get the sunshine’.

The city has also been awarded with ten titles namely: National Model City of Environmental Protection, National Sanitary City, National Garden City, Fascinating City of China, National Pilot City of Circular Economy and National Ecological Demonstration Zone.

The city population stands at 2,801,100 as of the 2010 census. Out of those, a little over 865,000 people live in the urban area of Donggang district.

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